Accession Number : AD0000346

Title :   Operational Requirements for an Infantry Hand Weapon

Descriptive Note : Technical memo.

Corporate Author : RESEARCH ANALYSIS CORP MCLEAN VA

Personal Author(s) : Hitchman, Norman A ; Forbush, Scott E ; Blakemore, Jr, George J

PDF Url : AD0000346

Report Date : 19 Jun 1952

Pagination or Media Count : 124

Abstract : The capabilities of the infantry rifle were explored. Data wer e obtained on the frequency and distance by which riflemen missed targets, and the distribution of hits at different ranges; the ranges of engagement in battle; and the physiological wound effects of shots with differing ballistic characteristics. A study of the data led to the following conclusions: (1) Hit effectiveness with the M-1 rifle is satisfactory only up to 100 yds. and declines rapidly to low order at 300 yds., the general limit for battlefield rifle engagements; (2) a pattern-dispersion principle in the hand weapon would tend to compensate for human aiming errors and increase hits at ranges up to 300 yds.; and (3) missiles with smaller caliber than standard could be used without loss in wounding effects and with logistical advantage; and (4) hit lethality could be greatly increased by using toxic missiles.

Descriptors :   *WEAPONS, AIMING, BALLISTICS, BATTLEFIELDS, ERRORS, GUIDED MISSILES, HANDS, INFANTRY, MILITARY PERSONNEL, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, RIFLES, TACTICAL WARFARE, TOXICITY, WOUNDS AND INJURIES

Subject Categories : Guns

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE