Accession Number : AD0237205
Title : A PROPOSED COST-OF-RESEARCH INDEX
Corporate Author : RESEARCH ANALYSIS CORP MCLEAN VA
Personal Author(s) : JOHNSON, ELLIS A. ; MILTON, HELEN S.
Report Date : APR 1960
Pagination or Media Count : 16
Abstract : A cost-of-research index is proposed to provide a measure of the relative cost of the technical man-years supported by the research and development (R+D) funds expended yearly, as an indicator of the relative effort - in contrast to dollars - that has been put forth in U.S. R+D. The technical-man-year cost is derived by dividing the total annual cost of each particular R+D organization participating in the study by the number of scientific and technical personnel working in the organization. The cost index is based on 17 individual organizations, ranging in size from the most sophisticated R+D enterprises to relatively small laboratories and R+D divisions. The total is divided about equally among industrial, private non-profit, university-government-contract, and Federal-Government-sponsored organizations. In actual costs per technical man-year by groups, the percentage increase from 1950-1958 ranges from 71-83%. In 1960 the national economy will invest approximately 4 1/2 times as many dollars in R+D as in 1950; however, the increase in technical-man-year effort is only double the 1950 figure. Of the 300,000 scientists and engineers employed in U.S. R+D in 1958, 78% wereerre working for industry, 12% for the Federal Government, 11% for colleges and universities, and 1% for non-profit institutions. The R+D organizations emppmphasizing theoretical research tend to be among the smaller ones and in the lower-cost area. A major contributing element in the nationalal upswing in R+D costs throughout the past decase was the increase in salaries of scientific and professional personnel.
Descriptors : (*SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH), (*COSTS), (*ECONOMICS), (*INDEXES), (*MILITARY RESEARCH), (*INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH), SCIENTISTS, ENGINEERS.
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE