Accession Number : AD0253107
Title : SOME ASPECTS OF OSMOREGULATION IN EMBRYONIC AND ADULT CYMATOGASTER AGGREGATA AND OTHER EMBIOTOCID FISHES
Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA
Personal Author(s) : TRIPLETT, EDWARD L. ; BARRYMORE, SUSANNE D.
Report Date : DEC 1960
Pagination or Media Count : 1
Abstract : The osmoregulatory abilities of adult and embryonic Cymatogaster aggregata were tested by determining serum freezing points and weight changes after exposure to dilutions of sea water ranging between 15 and 100%. The ability of embryos to regulate is proportional to their stage of development. The youngest animals tested regulate only in media with values between 25 and 36% sea water. Similar though less extensive experiments were performed with adult Amphistichus argenteus and Micrometrus minimus. The osmoregulatory ability of these species is identical to that of adult C. aggregata. Preliminary experiments using Cl36 as a tracer indicate that the branchial salt secretory mechanism present in the adults is absent or operating less efficiently in the embryos of C. aggregata. Observations on the volume of the gut in different external media indicate that the embryos drink the medium, thus creating an osmotic gradient between the body fluids and the lumen of the gut. The result is dehydration or edema, depending upon the tonicity of the external medium. (Author)
Descriptors : *BLOOD SERUM, *BODY FLUIDS, *FISHES, *OSMOTIC PRESSURE, BODY WEIGHT, DETERMINATION, EMBRYOS, SALINOMETERS, SEA WATER.
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE