Accession Number : AD0255664

Title :   AN INVESTIGATION OF A PERENNIALLY FROZEN LAKE

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS L G HANSCOM FIELD MASS

Personal Author(s) : BARNES,DAVID F.

Report Date : DEC 1960

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : Perennially-frozen Angiussaq Lake, Greenland was examined in 1957 to determine the strength of its midsummer ice cover and the causes of its perennially-frozen conditions. The lake, largest within a 100-mi radius of Thule Air Base, is formed by ice-cap damming of a valley 200 m deep, and has an elevation of 590 m. Water temperatures ranged from 0.1 to 0.7 C and showed that summertime mixing is sufficient to maintain nearly isothermal conditions. Fish, phytoplankton,AND CHIRONOMID LIFE WERE FOUND IN THE LAKE WATER. At the end of the 1957 summer, more than 90% of the lake surface was covered by ice averaging 1.5 m in thickness. Variations in melting rate have caused a gently rolling surface that might be smoothed by flooding or scraping. In-place cantilever beam tests showed that the upper half meter of ice had almost no strength but that the lower portion maintained sufficient strength to support heavy loads throughout the summer. A tongue of glacier ice floating in the lake has a thickness of about 100 m and a length of about 3 km. Five smaller ice islands have thicknesses of more than 5 m and are believed to form where snow accumulation exceeds ablation. (Author)

Descriptors :   *ICE, *LAKES, ABLATION, BIOLOGY, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, GEOLOGY, GLACIERS, METEOROLOGY, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, SURFACE PROPERTIES, TEMPERATURE, THICKNESS, TRAFFICABILITY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE