Accession Number : AD0259527

Title :   EMOTIONAL COMPONENTS OF EARLY RECOLLECTIONS

Corporate Author : PRINCETON UNIV N J DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : MCCARTER,ROBERT E.

Report Date : MAY 1961

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : This study was designed to determine the components of emotion and to correlate the emotional components of early recollections with psychiatric diagnosis. Eighty recalled affects were rated by 415 college students. Intercorrelation of the ratings generated an 80 x 80 correlation matrix. A factor analysis of the matrix yielded four bipolar orthogonal factors: pleasantnessunpleasantness, arousal-indifference, acceptancerejection, and comprehension-puzzlement. The factor structure supported the activation theory of emotion. The subjects of the second experiment were 40 sociopaths, 16 alcoholics, 10 organics, 13 paranoid schizophrenics, and 23 normals. They rated the emotion in their own early recollections on scales derived from the four abovementioned primary emotional factors. A discriminant analysis distributed the groups along two axes, designated C and D. Axis C separated organics and paranoid schizophrenics from each other and from the other three groups. Axis D separated the normals from the clinical groups. To assist in the identification of C and D, scores on the 80 affect rating scales were estimated for the centroid of each experimental group. Axis C was then identified as sociophobiasociophilia, and axis D as comprehension. The emotional components of the early recollections of the paranoid schizophrenics indicated strong sociophobia. The organics' early recollections indicated high sociophilia. A feeling of comprehension characterized the early recollections of the normals. (Author)

Descriptors :   *EMOTIONS, *FACTOR ANALYSIS, *MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), *PSYCHIATRY, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, THEORY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE