Accession Number : AD0263754

Title :   DIELECTRIC SCREENING AND SELF-CONSISTENT CRYSTAL FIELDS

Corporate Author : CHICAGO UNIV ILL

Personal Author(s) : COHEN,MORREL H. ; PHILLIPS,JAMES C.

Report Date : JUN 1961

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : The construction of self-consistent Hartree crystal potentials is discussed in terms of screening of external ionic potentials by a nearly-free valence-electron gas. An essential preliminary is the introduction of a repulsive potential which replaces the requirement of orthogonality of one-electron valence and core wave functions. Because of the excellent cancellation of core and repulsive potentials, the resulting effective ionic potential V(eff) is weak. Using an approximate dielectric constant to screen V(eff), a prescription is obtained for estimating a priori self-consistent Hartree potentials in metals and semiconductors. The dielectric screening can be extended to include exchange and correlation. Comparison with detailed band calculations for diamond, silicon and cubic boron nitride reveals the accuracy and limitations of the method. The screening of the longest wave length Fourier component of V(eff) is predicted quite satisfactorily. By studying bonding and charge transfer effects, non-linear local field corrections (crystal hybridization) are important in screening of shorter wave length Fourier components of V(eff). (Author)

Descriptors :   *BRILLOUIN ZONES, *CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, *METALS, *SEMICONDUCTORS, CRYSTALS, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES, QUANTUM THEORY, SOLID STATE PHYSICS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE