Accession Number : AD0275851

Title :   SOME EFFECTS OF GRADUATED PARTIAL CUEING ON THE LEARNING OF PAIRED ASSOCIATES

Corporate Author : AMERICAN INST FOR RESEARCH SANTA BARBARA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : GUTHRIE,PETER M. ; LUMSDAINE,ARTHUR A.

Report Date : SEP 1961

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : The effects of several cueing methods on pairedassociates learning were investigated. A total of 48 subjects learned the items in lists of city-names paired with corresponding airportcity codes, using special cueing procedures or standard anticipation procedures. Response terms, presented under lowered conditions of visibility, were the cues. Visibility, and hence cue strength, was varied tachistoscopically or gradually by adjusting illumination of the cue. Under conditions in which subjects had increasing amounts of time to anticipate the response terms, tachistoscopic cueing produced better learning than a comparable anticipation condition. However, the positive effects produced were small. Furthermore, this form of partial prompting was not superior to an immediate full prompt. These results are discussed in relation to needs for further study of graduated cueing techniques in the learning of paired-associate and continuousdiscourse materials. (Author)

Descriptors :   *LEARNING, ILLUMINATION, TACHISTOSCOPES, THEORY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE