Accession Number : AD0278654

Title :   THE EFFECT OF MOLTEN ALKALI METALS ON CONTAINMENT METALS AND ALLOYS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES

Corporate Author : BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OHIO DEFENSE METALS INFORMATION CENTER

Personal Author(s) : AMATEAU,M.F.

Report Date : 28 MAY 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : Corrosion of containment materials is the most serious problem in liquid-metal systems. Most high-temperature engineering metals such as refractory metals, nickel-base and cobalt-base superalloys, and the austenitic and ferritic stainless steels are sufficiently resistant to liquid sodium and NaK to be useful up to about 1600 F. The most important factor in the corrosion of these materials under given conditions of temperature and flow rate is the oxygen content of the sodium. No material is truly corrosion resistant to lithium, although the refractory metals tantalum, columbium, and molybdenum do have some potential for high-temperature service in engineering applications. Zirconium and pure iron may also find some limited use in lithium, especially in lower temperature, twocomponent, static systems. The cobalt- and nickel-base alloys are unsuitable for high-temperature service in liquid lithium. The nitrogen content of the lithium is a particularly important factor. Potassium, rubidium, and cesium are somewhat less corrosive than the other alkali metals. The refractory metals and alloys are little affected by these liquid metals. The sliding and bearing properties of metals are generally affected adversely by the presence of pure molten metals. (Author)

Descriptors :   ALKALI METALS, COBALT ALLOYS, NICKEL ALLOYS, STAINLESS STEEL

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE