Accession Number : AD0281885

Title :   SOCIAL COMPARISON AND DISSONANCE REDUCTION IN SELF-EVALUATION.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. no. 9 on Dynamics of Social Influence,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES

Personal Author(s) : Fishbein ,Martin ; Raven ,Bertram H. ; Hunter,Ronda

Report Date : 02 JUL 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : Students were asked to estimate (1) what score they would obtain on an examination; and (2) their minimal goal (the lowest score with which they would be satisfied). Data from a total of 760 students are analyzed to determine the bases of self-evaluation. Members of one class received no information before making evaluations. Members of a second class were given a score presumably made by pre-medical students, before these respondents made their estimates on each exam. Members of a third class were given no information on the first exam; on the second exam, half were given presumed scores of male pre-med students, half were given scores of female education students. Contrary to suggestions by Rotter (1954), it was found that minimal goals were no more resistant to change than expected scores. Changes in minimal goals and expected scores tended to occur so as to minimize discrepancies, thus reduce dissonance in accordance with Festinger's theory (1957). Individual's self-evaluations are influenced by reference norms, but only in the absence of a more objective criterion for self-evaluation, such as knowledge of previous performance. (Author)

Descriptors :   *GROUP DYNAMICS, *PSYCHOLOGY, BEHAVIOR, REACTION (PSYCHOLOGY), REASONING, SOCIAL COMMUNICATION, THEORY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE