Accession Number : AD0282130

Title :   AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF A TRANSVERSE HYPERSONIC FLOW VELOCITY UPON A LOW-DENSITY D.C. ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE IN AIR.

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA FIRESTONE FLIGHT SCIENCES LAB

Personal Author(s) : Marlotte,Gary L.

Report Date : 15 JUN 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 105

Abstract : Experiments were carried out with air in the GALCIT 5-inch by 5-inch hypersonic wind tunnel with a nominal Mach number of 5.8. DC breakdown voltages and steady-state sub-normal glow voltages were measured across a channel formed by two sharp-edged insulating flat plates in which flat-plate Rogowski electrodes were embedded Segmented electrodes were used in the normal glow regime to measure current distributions at each electrode for various electrode segment combinations, total currents, and densities. For the characteristic dimensions and speeds involved, the explicit dependence of electrical breakdown upon the velocity of the stream is small compared to the effect of boundary layer density defects. A theoretical treatment of breakdown is given and qualitative agreement with experiments is obtained. In the normal glow regime using segmented electrodes, an unmistakable explicit flow velocity effect was observed, with the discharge current paths being displaced downstream compared to static bell-jar tests at equivalent densities. (Author)

Descriptors :   *HYPERSONIC FLOW, *ELECTRIC DISCHARGES, HYPERSONIC WIND TUNNELS, AIR, ELECTRODES, PLASMAS(PHYSICS), IONIZATION, IONS, VELOCITY, DENSITY, BOUNDARY LAYER, TESTS, HYPERSONICS, THEORY, GAS FLOW, TEST EQUIPMENT

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE