Accession Number : AD0283674

Title :   BASIC STUDY INTO THE MECHANISM OF THE MGO-TYPE COLD CATHODE EMISSION

Corporate Author : PHILCO CORP BLUE BELL PA

Personal Author(s) : JOHANNES,R. ; RAMANATHAN,K.

Report Date : 30 AUG 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : Results are presented of an investigation of the fundamental principles of MgO-type cold cathode emission. A working model provides a detailed explanation of the experimentally observed characteristics from such cold cathodes. An analysis of the dc-voltage distribution in an operating MgO diode indicates that the major portion of the applied dc-voltage appears across the barrier layer, rather than across the MgO layer or the vacuum space. The I-V data, as well as the data obtained under constant-current conditions of the effect of temperature on the barrier voltage, support the assumption that Froehlich-type avalanching occurs in the barrier layer. Analysis of admittance characteristics from operating MgO cold cathodes is very useful in understanding certain details of the principle of self-sustained mechanism. It is shown that these data furnish the most direct information about charge transport in the MgO layer. An analysis of the observed electron energy distributions indicates that the source of primary electrons is an assemblage of electrons of high effective temperature T. Some of these electrons are cooled by inelastic collisions with the MgO layer before being observed. (Author)

Descriptors :   *CATHODES (ELECTRON TUBES), *COLD CATHODE TUBES, *DIODES, *OXIDE CATHODES, ADMITTANCE, ALTERNATING CURRENT, COOLING, DIRECT CURRENT, ELECTRIC POTENTIAL, ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES, ELECTRON BEAMS, ELECTRON TUBE HEATERS, EQUATIONS, MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS, MATERIALS, MEASUREMENT, MODEL TESTS, NEGATIVE RESISTANCE CIRCUITS, NOISE (RADIO), OXIDES, SECONDARY EMISSION, TEMPERATURE, THEORY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE