Accession Number : AD0284296

Title :   A STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE JUDGMENT OF HUMAN PERFORMANCE: RATER PERFORMANCE SKILL AND ATTITUDES TOWARD PERFORMERS

Corporate Author : HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH INC LOS ANGELES CALIF

Personal Author(s) : HARRIS,WILLIAM ; BUCKNER,DONALD H.

Report Date : JUN 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : The effects on performance judgments of two independent variables, rater performance skill and rater attitudes toward performers, were studied. The major hypotheses tested were (1) the more proficient the rater in performing the task, the more valid, reliable, and discriminating would be his judgments of the performance of others, (2) the less proficient the rater in performing the task, the more likely his judgments would be influenced by his attitudes toward performers and the more he would over estimate the performance of others, (3) the longer a rater had known a performer and the closer their refriendship, the better the rater would judge his performance to be, and (4) rater attitudes, particularly likes and dislikes, toward performers would be reflected in the judgments of performance. The subjects were 33 college men, living in a fraternity house. Nine subjects were selected as performers: the three most popular men, the three least popular men, and three men of 'indifferent' popularity. The remaining 24 were raters. The raters judged the performers on five traits: physical skill, social skill, leadership ability, likeableness, and contribution to the fraternity. If attitudes toward performers are taken into account, it seems probable that raters who are skilled performers will be the most accurate raters of the performances of others. The more proficient raters seem to be especially good judgers of the poorer performances. (Author)

Descriptors :   *ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), *PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, *REASONING

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE