Accession Number : AD0284892

Title :   THE EFFECT OF 'HUMAN' VS. (MACHINE' SET ON GROUP PROBLEM-SOLVING PROCEDURES

Corporate Author : EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE PRINCETON N J

Personal Author(s) : HEMPHILL,JOHN K. ; MCCONVILLE,CAROLYN B.

Report Date : FEB 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : The effects of sets toward the characteristics of his partner upon the actor's subsequent behavior when he is involved in a group problem-solving situation were explored. Two sets were created: one in which the subject believed he was interacting with a 'human' as partner, and another with a 'machine' as partner. The hypothesis tested was that the individual will approach the task in the same manner regardless of differences in these sets toward the origin of the response to his acts. Twelve pairs of men and 12 pairs of women were run separately under each condition. The tasks were identical for all subjects: to achieve a 'goal square' in a 5 x 5 electrical plug board in a minimum number of moves. Data relating to the following were analyzed: effectiveness of task solution; attitudes toward the task, the subject's acts, and the responses to his acts; prediction of the 'other's' behavior; and patterns of acts and responses. The panels of data relating to effectiveness, prediction, and patterns showed no difference for the subjects under the two conditions. The attitudinal measure showed that those subjects working under the 'human' conditions regarded their partners as more confused than did those working under the 'machine' condition. Although the results of this experiment cannot be generalized, they indicate the existence of components in such tasks that are not dependent on social characteristics that have been commonly studied. (Author)

Descriptors :   *GROUP DYNAMICS, *REASONING

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE