Accession Number : AD0285387

Title :   MINIMUM NOISE TEMPERATURE OF DC-PUMPED TRANSVERSE-WAVE ELECTRON BEAM AMPLIFIERS

Corporate Author : ROME AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER GRIFFISS AFB N Y

Personal Author(s) : WESSEL-BERG,TORE ; BLOTEKJAER,KJELL

Report Date : 30 MAY 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 1

Abstract : A general analysis is presented of noise in dcpumped amplifiers based on transverse waves. It is shown that any amplifier involving either the cyclotron waves or the synchronous waves has the same minimum noise temperature determined by the conditions at the cathode. The noise temperature can be reduced to an arbitrary small value by increasing the magnetic field at the cathode or by reducing the cathode diameter. It is also shown that the minimum noise temperature is reduced by the smoothing effect of the potential minimum near the cathode. The minimum noise, temperature can be realized by inserting a suitable noise transformer between the cathode and the amplifier. In general, structures with electric or magnetic fields having rotational symmetry such as used in normal electron guns can perform the required transformation. Some specific examples of noise transformers are discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   *AMPLIFIERS, *NOISE (RADIO), *RADIOFREQUENCY AMPLIFIERS, CATHODES (ELECTRON TUBES), CYCLOTRONS, DIRECT CURRENT, ELECTRIC FIELDS, KLYSTRONS, MAGNETIC FIELDS, MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS, MATRICES(MATHEMATICS), THEORY, TRANSFORMATIONS (MATHEMATICS), TRAVELING WAVE TUBES

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE