Accession Number : AD0324133

Title :   Preparation and Properties of 2,2,8,8-Tetranitro-4,6-Dioxal-1, 9-Nonanediol, Dinol.

Corporate Author : NAVAL ORDNANCE LAB WHITE OAK MD

Personal Author(s) : HALL, T.N. ; SHIPP, K.G.

Report Date : 21 MAR 1961

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : A new, low melting, insensitive polynitro aliphatic diol, 2,2,8,8-tetranitro-4,6-dioxa1,9-nonanediol (DINOL) has been synthesized by the reaction of salts of bis(2,2-dinitro-ethyl) formal (DEFO) with formaldehyde in acid solution. The soluble disodium salt of DEFO, prepared by alkaline hydrogen peroxide reduction of the corresponding trinitro compound, TEFO, is converted, without isolation, to DINOL in 80% yield. The product separates from the reaction mixture as the colorless crystalline monohydrate which can be readily converted to anhydrous DINOL melting at 61.5 C - 62.5 C. (Author)

Descriptors :   *EXPLOSIVES, *GLYCOLS, ALCOHOLS, BINDERS, CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, CHEMICAL REACTIONS, ETHYL RADICALS, FORMALDEHYDE, METHYLAL, NITRO RADICALS, PREPARATION, PROPELLANTS, SALTS, SODIUM COMPOUNDS, SYNTHESIS.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE