Accession Number : AD0372462

Title :   BASIC RESEARCH IN SOLID OXYGEN OXIDIZERS.

Descriptive Note : Annual summary rept. no. 3, 1 Apr 65-31 Mar 66,

Corporate Author : AEROJET-GENERAL CORP SACRAMENTO CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Olsen,R. E.

Report Date : 20 MAY 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 35

Abstract : Several inorganic salts of N,N,N'-trinitroethylene- diamine were prepared and characterized. These salts exhibit improved thermal properties over previously reported dinitroamines, showing decomposition to about 130 C. However, the salts were either deliquescent or contained difficult-to-remove impurities. Attempts to prepare organic salts of N,N,N'-trinitroethylene- diamine were unsuccessful. Attempts to prepare the aromatic dinitroamines, N,N,3,5-tetranitroaniline, N,N-dinitropentafluoro- aniline and N,N-dinitro- 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro- aniline, were unsuccessful. A new type of oxygen oxidizer, 1,4-dihydro-1-nitro-4-nitriminopyridine, was prepared and characterized. The material forms a nonhygroscopic perchlorate salt, 1-nitro-4-nitraminopyridinium perchlorate. An analogous series of reactions was used to prepare 1,4-dihydro-1,3-dinitro-4-nitriminopyridine and 1,3-dintro-4-nitraminopyridinium perchlorate. However, attempts to prepare 1,4-dihydro-1,3,5-trinitro-4-nitriminopyridine were unsuccessful. It was shown that beta-nitraza primary nitramines could be prepared by the acid hydrolysis of the corresponding beta-nitraza N-nitro-t-butylcarbamate. However, treatment of one beta-nitraza primary nitramine, 2-nitrazapropylnitramine, with nitronium tetrafluoroborate did not give the corresponding dinitroamine.

Descriptors :   (*SOLID ROCKET OXIDIZERS, SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY)), REACTION KINETICS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (U) NITRAMINES, ETHYLENEDIAMINE, PYRIDINES, PERCHLORATES, DECOMPOSITION, POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS, LITHIUM COMPOUNDS, SILVER COMPOUNDS, NICKEL COMPOUNDS, ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA, VISIBLE SPECTRA, INFRARED SPECTRA, THERMAL STABILITY, THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS, PROTONS, MAGNETIC RESONANCE

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Solid Rocket Propellants

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE