Accession Number : AD0411575

Title :   THE RELATIONSHIP OF PROBLEM-SOLVING STYLES TO THE FACTOR COMPOSITION OF TESTS,

Corporate Author : EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE PRINCETON N J

Personal Author(s) : French,John W.

Report Date : MAY 1963

Pagination or Media Count : 42

Abstract : This study was undertaken to learn more about the way in which the characteristics being measured by a test vary with the kind of examinee taking the test or with the problem-solving style he uses in approaching test problems. The problem solving approaches used for dividing many of the pairs of subsamples distinguished some kind of systematizing approach from a scanning approach. While some of the divisions into pairs of sub samples revealed no substtial differences either in the loadings of the 15 tests on the five factors or in the intercorrelations of the factors, many interesting differences occurred. In particular the development of a systematic approach to solving the items of a test fre quently reduced the loadings of that test on the factor which usually characterized it best. An attempt is made to account for these findings psychologically by supposing that systematic persons develop specialized techniques for solv ing the visible, concrete spatial problems that are quite different from the symbolic techniques that they can use for solving problems in either of the symbolic areas, verbal and mathematics. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*DECISION MAKING, TEST METHODS), FACTOR ANALYSIS, VERBAL BEHAVIOR, MATHEMATICS, PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, TABLES(DATA), VISION.

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE