Accession Number : AD0427029

Title :   FIRST CONGRESS ON THE INFORMATION SYSTEM SCIENCES. SESSION 14. AUTOMATED INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES.

Corporate Author : MITRE CORP BEDFORD MASS

Report Date : NOV 1963

Pagination or Media Count : 142

Abstract : A sample manual linear teaching exercise is presented, and the differences between it and branching programs are explained by examples and flow charts. The use of computer-based instructional systems is discussed, and the three major situations which would justify the extra cost and complexity of computer equipment are covered in detail. These situations include: (1) research, where practical applicability is not a major consideration; (2) special teaching problems, where the efficiency of the system outweighs equipment cost considerations; and (3) the use of special-purpose, realistically-priced equipment or time-sharing the use of a higher-priced centralized system where the programs reach a large number of students. The paper concludes with a brief forecast of the future of computerbased instructional systems. A concept of computer teaching is introduced, and experimental methods, equipment, and results are used to form a framework for discussion. The view-point is taken that a conversational interaction or feedback takes place between the student and teacher, human or computer, making learning much easier. The use of large, high-speed, general purpose, digital computers as teaching machines is discussed as an introduction. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*DATA PROCESSING, EDUCATION), (*EDUCATION, COMPUTERS), (*TEACHING MACHINES, LINEAR PROGRAMMING), TEACHING MACHINES, EDUCATION, COMPUTERS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE