Accession Number : AD0433796

Title :   A STUDY OF AUTOPHOBIC LIQUIDS ON PLATINUM BY THE CONTACT POTENTIAL METHOD,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Timmons,C. O. ; Zisman,W. A.

Report Date : 13 FEB 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : Several nonspreading liquids were investigated on a platinum surface using contact potential and contact angle measurements to determine whether or not their nonspreading behavior was caused by autophobicity, i.e., the property of a liquid being unable to spread upon its own adsorbed monolayer. The liquids studied were n-octanol, n-octanoic acid, tri-p-cresyl phosphite, mixed meta- and para-isomers of tricresyl phosphate, methylene iodide, and three chlorinated biphenyls. Each liquid was shown to be autophobic by the contact potential difference and contact angle data for adsorbed monolayers on platinum. Contact potential differences for the phosphate and phosphite were the same, indicating that the two types of moleculse have different mechanisms of surface interaction with the metal surface. It was also found that raising the relative humidity affects the autophobic contact angle of liquid n-octanol, and methylene iodide, but the effect is opposite in sign for the methylene iodide. This result sheds considerable light on the effect of water adsorption on the adsorptive properties of halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LUBRICANTS, ADSORPTION), (*MONOMOLECULAR FILMS, ADSORPTION(*ADSORPTION, MONOMOLECULAR FILMS), (*PLATINUM, MONOMOLECULAR FILMS), ESTERS, ALCOHOLS, OCTANIC ACIDS, AROMATIC COMPOUNDS, PHOSPHITES, IODINE COMPOUNDS, HALOGENATED HYDROCARBONS, CHLORINE COMPOUNDS, HUMIDITY, ELECTRIC POTENTIALS, PHOSPHATES

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE