Accession Number : AD0437512

Title :   LESSON WRITING FOR TEACHING VERBAL CHAINS: ORDER IN WHICH ELEMENTS ARE TAUGHT. PART IV: FORWARDS VS. BACKWARDS CHAINING,

Corporate Author : TOR EDUCATION INC STAMFORD CONN

Personal Author(s) : Slack,Charles W.

Report Date : MAR 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : A poem was examined which had been previously programed by Gilbert according to rules of Mathetics at that time. The examination showed that an antithetical program could be produced by fading work elements for the first time in exactly the reverse order from that in which they were faded on the original program. The original program taught the program by retrogressive chaining. Word elements toward the end of the poem were faded in early trials and word elements toward the beginning of the poem were faded in later trials. In the antithetic program the reverse words toward the end of the poem were faded on later trials and words toward the beginning of the poem were faded on earlier trials. Results showed no difference between the two programs. One earlier study with different subject matter had produced essentially the same results. Other studies, including one with the same poem as subject matter, had disclosed Response Strength as a vital variable for consideration by programers. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LEARNING, ANALYSIS), (*TRAINING, ANALYSIS), (*MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), EFFECTIVENESS), EDUCATION, THEORY, TEACHING MACHINES, PSYCHOLOGY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE