Accession Number : AD0469925

Title :   PROGRAM FOR REMOTE DETECTION OF PERSONNEL.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 5 Jun 64-5 Mar 65,

Corporate Author : BECKMAN INSTRUMENTS INC FULLERTON CA

Personal Author(s) : Dora, Ralph A. ; Weber, Thomas

Report Date : AUG 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 58

Abstract : Result of a study to determine the feasibility of remotely detecting personnel by olfactory methods. The efforts were divided into two phases: first, a qualitative and quantitative determination of the insensible chemical effluents of man: and second, the capabilities of several analytical instrumental methods of detecting these effluents. A special chamber was utilized to cryogenically collect samples which were analyzed for sodium calcium, potassium, and organic constituents. Laboratory and outdoor areas were also monitored for these components, as well as for particulates generated by personnel and their equipment. Components which were identified and quantitated were sodium, calcium, potassium, acetaldehyde, acetone, methanol, ethanol, n-butane, and pyruvic acid. No single instrumental method tested possessed all of the three necessary characteristics of speed of response, sensitivity and specificity. However, the experimental results indicated that an ionization particle counter, or a total organics analyzer in conjunction with a gas chromatograph, should yield the proper sensitivity and specificity for the remote detection of personnel. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ENEMY PERSONNEL, DETECTION), (*DETECTION, ENEMY PERSONNEL), SMELL, THRESHOLDS(PHYSIOLOGY), BODY FLUIDS, SPECTROPHOTOMETERS, ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA, VISIBLE SPECTRA, ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, PARTICLES, SIMULATORS, ALCOHOLS, KETONES, ALDEHYDES, BUTANOLS, PYRUVATES, CARBOXYLIC ACIDS, CHROMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS.

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE