Accession Number : AD0479249

Title :   EFFECTS OF THERMAL RADIATION ON MATERIALS,

Corporate Author : NAVAL APPLIED SCIENCE LAB BROOKLYN NY

Personal Author(s) : Monahan, Thomas I. ; Derksen, Willard L.

Report Date : MAY 1954

Pagination or Media Count : 56

Abstract : The purpose of this project was to evaluate a physical skin simulant for determining the burn severity behind irradiated cloth barriers. The skin simulant consists of a polyethylene plastic, in the surface of which a thermocouple is imbedded to measure the associated temperature rise. The purpose of the project was to correlate exposures to the nuclear detonation with the corresponding exposures to laboratory sources of thermal radiation. Supporting measurements were made, including the spectral distribution of and the equivalent black-body temperature of the radiation incident at the several stations, employing passive-receiver calorimeters; evaluation of temperature-sensitive indicators for use with the physical skin simulant; the effect of duration of exposure on the extent of thermal damage; and the contribution of a material's absorptance and other material parameters to the total thermal damage to cloths. (Author)

Descriptors :   *TEXTILES, *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, SIMULATION, DETECTORS, FIRING TESTS(ORDNANCE), NEVADA, SHIELDING, THERMONUCLEAR REACTIONS, RADIATION HAZARDS, MEASUREMENT, POLYETHYLENE PLASTICS, TEMPERATURE, HEAT TRANSFER, PROTECTIVE COVERINGS, THERMOCOUPLES, FEASIBILITY STUDIES, THERMODYNAMICS, THERMAL RADIATION, BURNS(INJURIES), SKIN(ANATOMY).

Subject Categories : Textiles

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE