Accession Number : AD0479980

Title :   SIGNIFICANT PRIMARY FIRES FROM NUCLEAR DETONATIONS.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CA

Personal Author(s) : Rodden, Robert M.

Report Date : JAN 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 75

Abstract : Thermal radiation from a nuclear detonation can ignite kindling materials over wide areas. Some ignitions will result in significant fires, or fires which, if not controlled, will destroy one or more compartments or structures. On the basis of data derived during ignition point surveys in 1953 and 1956, the study identifies important kindling fuels; their frequency distribution and likelihood of exposure to nuclear detonations; and the probability of significant primary fires developing from exposed kindling fuels. Important kindling fuels are selected from among materials that can be readily ignited and, upon ignition, have a high probability of resulting in a significant fire. Limited available evidence indicates that frequency of occurrence and probability of exposure of kindling fuels to nuclear bursts will be high in most urban areas. Techniques are presented for estimating the range and incidence of significant primary fires. Such techniques can be used when data are lacking or when limited time or resources prevent the expenditure of the effort required to assess a potential fire problem in detail. (Author)

Descriptors :   *FIRES), (*NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, (*NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, FIRES), THERMAL RADIATION, FIRE SAFETY, IGNITION, URBAN AREAS, RANGE(DISTANCE), FLAMMABILITY, ORGANIC MATERIALS, DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, VULNERABILITY, SURFACE TARGETS, FUELS, COMBUSTION.

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE