Accession Number : AD0499908

Title :   Paramagnetic Resonance in Phosphors,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Hershberger, W. D. ; Leifer, H. N.

Report Date : JUL 1952

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Paramagnetic studies at 9375 mc have been made on 32 inorganic phosphors containing paramagnetic activators. The sample is contained in a transmission cavity and the spectrum is obtained by a sweeping technique that yields the derivative of the absorption curve. Less than 10 to the minus 11th power moles of Mn(++) may be detected in cubic host crystals. The specimen in the cavity may be illuminated by ultraviolet light for observations on changes in its spectrum under these conditions, but, when illuminated, the changes observed may be attributed largely to photoconduction. The phosphors containing Mn(++) as an activator under no illumination yield a variety of spectra. Seven of these phosphors display a single absorption line 750 to 1000 gauss wide, while four phosphors with different host crystals but all having cubic symmetry display line spectra consisting of six lines seven gauss wide but with spacings between members of from 68 to 88 gauss depending on the host crystal. Finally, two phosphors display 30-line spectra which arise because the crystal field and the applied field together serve to remove both the I and the S degeneracy, whereas for cubic crystals only the I degeneracy is removed. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*PHOSPHORESCENT MATERIALS, PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE), (*PARAMAGNETIC MATERIALS, ZINC COMPOUNDS), ZINC SULFIDES, MAGNETIC FIELDS, CATHODE RAY TUBE SCREENS, ELECTRONS, ATOMIC ENERGY LEVELS, MANGANESE COMPOUNDS, TEST METHODS, VALENCE, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, MOBILITY, ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE, FLUORIDES, HYPERFINE STRUCTURE, IONS, LINE SPECTRA, ABSORPTION SPECTRA, ELECTRON TRANSITIONS, MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS, PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY.

Subject Categories : Miscellaneous Materials
      Electricity and Magnetism
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE