Accession Number : AD0602795

Title :   USE OF HYDROGEN BUBBLES FOR QUANTITATIVE DETERMINATION OF TIME DEPENDENT VELOCITY FIELDS IN LOW SPEED WATER FLOWS,

Corporate Author : STANFORD UNIV CALIF DIV OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS

Personal Author(s) : Schraub,F. A. ; Kline,S. J. ; Henry,J. ; Runstadler,P. W. ,Jr. ; littell,A.

Report Date : FEB 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 66

Abstract : Improved flow visualization methods based on the hydorogen bubble technique are described. Use of 'combinedstreak markers' allows quantitative measurement of the instantaneous velocity field in a plane as a function of time in low speed water flows. Adaptation to a great variety of situations using different probe techniques is possible. Disturbance to the flow is very small. Adequate accuracy is obtainable. The method offers the advantage of simultaneous visual images of the flow structure and quantitative measurement of velocity over a finite region. It also allows some types of measurements not previously possible. Limitations of the method include its restriction to low speed water flows and the observation of fluctuations only at low frequencies. Practical difficulties occur due to probe frangibility and problems of uniform bubble production. Part I describes the underlying concepts, summarizes the history of the method and describes operating experience to date at Educational Services, Incorporated and Stanford University. Part II is a detailed analysis of the uncertainties in velocity measurements using combined-time-streak markers formed by hydrogen bubbles. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*FLUID MECHANICS, FLOW VISUALIZATION), FLUID FLOW, WATER, VELOCITY, DETERMINATION, HYDROGEN, BUBBLES, HYDRODYNAMICS, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE