Accession Number : AD0605024

Title :   PROPERTIES OF THE SHOCK TRANSITION AT LOW TEMPERATURE,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Gilvarry,J. J.

Report Date : 12 APR 1956

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : Bethe's equation for the change of entropy in waves of finite amplitude is shown to be inapplicable for an initial state of temperature arbitrarily close to absolute zero for a substance possessing a zero-point pressure (or energy). Thermodynamic functions for such a substance at low temperature are formulated in general terms applicable to the Fermi-Dirac gas, the Thomas-Fermi atom, the Debye solid, and the Mie-Gruneisen solid as special cases. The conditions under which the equation of state satisfies the Bethe-Weyl conditions are given. Of the usual four basic properties of the shock transition under the Bethe-Weyl conditions, two must be modified for the class of substances in question, for an initial state arbitrarily close to zero temperature. The argument follows from extension of Bethe's method, by Taylor expansion of the Hugoniot function about the initial state. The results are shown to be consistent with Weyl's procedure. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*SHOCK WAVES, THERMODYNAMICS), ENTROPY, EQUATIONS OF STATE, TRANSFORMATIONS, GASES, SOLIDS, ATOMIC PROPERTIES, MATHEMATICAL MODELS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE