Accession Number : AD0606348

Title :   THE CONTROLLED THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF CELLULOSE NITRATE. VII. CARBONYL COMPOUNDS.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS

Personal Author(s) : Wolfrom,M. L. ; Arsenault,G. P.

Report Date : 28 OCT 1959

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : An investigation of the carbonyl compounds formed from the ignition of cellulose nitrate was made. Isolated as the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivatives were acetone, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, methylglyoxal, glyoxal, mesoxaldehyde and hydroxypyruvaldehyde. A gas chromatographic study of the cellulose nitrate (cast from ethyl acetate) ignition products demonstrated the presence therein of acetaldehyde, acetone, acrolein, ethyl acetate, hydrogen cyanide and a now, unidentified substance which is not a carbonyl compound. Ethanol is not a product of ignition of cellulose nitrate. The origin of the compoundss isolated is discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*NITROCELLULOSE, PYROLYSIS), IGNITION, COMBUSTION PRODUCTS, HYDRAZINE DERIVATIVES, KETONES, ALDEHYDES, CHROMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE