Accession Number : AD0609095

Title :   COLD WAR AND CIVIL DEFENSE ATTITUDES: THE DESIRABILITY OF ALTERNATE MODES OF ORGANIZING A CIVIL DEFENSE EFFORT,

Corporate Author : PITTSBURGH UNIV PA

Personal Author(s) : Coleman,Alan N.

Report Date : OCT 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : A national sample of 1,434 respondents was asked to assess the desirability of each of five different ways of organizing a civil defense program: (1) one carried out mostly by volunteers; (2) a program under state and local governments; (3) a near-military organization, similar to the National Guard; (4) a program under one of the present armed services; (5) a new, separate service along the lines of the present armed forces. In assessing the nature of the social situation from which opinions on the above-mentioned alternatives were generated, it was found, on the one hand, that all of the programs were generally more desirable to respondents in the lower socioeconomic positions in the society (in terms of income, education and occupation) and that Catholic respondents found all of the alternatives more desirable than did Protestants, with the exception of the state-local program, where both groups found it equally favorable. On the other hand, differences in social factors were reflected in the findings that non-metropolitan areas of residence found the voluntary and state-local alternatives more desirable than did metropolitan areas; that the voluntary program was favored equally by Republicans and Democrats but the state-local was desired more by Republicans, all other alternatives being favored more by Democrats than Republicans. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*COLD WAR, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY)), (*CIVIL DEFENSE, PUBLIC OPINION), (*SOCIOLOGY, CIVIL DEFENSE), UNITED STATES, STATISTICAL DATA, POPULATION, URBAN AREAS, RURAL AREAS, SOCIAL SCIENCES

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE