Accession Number : AD0610637

Title :   THE EFFECT OF THE GHETTO ON THE DISTRIBUTION AND LEVEL OF NONWHITE EMPLOYMENT IN URBAN AREAS,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Kain,John F.

Report Date : JAN 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 11

Abstract : This paper links discrimination in the housing market to the distribution and level of nonwhite employment in urban areas. The hypotheses evaluated here are that racial segregation in the housing market: (1) affects the distribution of nonwhite employment, and (2) reduces nonwhite job opportunities. These hypotheses are tested empirically, using origin and destination data obtained from the 1952 Detroit Area Traffic Survey and the 1956 Chicago Area Transportation Study. There is very strong evidence that racial segregation is an important determinant of the distribution of nonwhite employment. Negro workers, for example, are significantly underrepresented in employment zones distant from the ghetto, and the underrepresentation increases as distance from the ghetto increases. There is less overwhelming but still highly suggestive evidence that segregation patterns in U S metropolitan areas affect nonwhite employment levels.

Descriptors :   (*URBAN AREAS, HOUSING(DWELLINGS)), (*HOUSING(DWELLINGS), URBAN AREAS), (*MANPOWER, URBAN AREAS), (*SOCIOLOGY, URBAN AREAS), POPULATION, URBAN PLANNING, HOUSING PROJECTS, DISTRIBUTION, LABOR, ECONOMICS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE