Accession Number : AD0610808

Title :   CONCEPTS AND INDICATORS IN STUDIES OF BEHAVIOR UNDER STRESS,

Corporate Author : BUREAU OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH INC WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Klausner, Samuel Z.

Report Date : OCT 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : Scientific effort has concentrated upon establishing general pro-positions stating a relation among concept referents and weaving these propositions into a theoretical network. Too little consideration has been given to the link between the concept referents and the observables suggested by their indicators. An empirical proposition can be no stronger than the weakest concept-indicator link upon which it is built. It is necessary to validate the relation between concept referents and their indicators before one can discuss validation of a relation between the referents of several concepts. To arrive at a method of validation, however, it is necessary to state the type of relation which exists, to state the form of inference from indicator to concept or vice verse. This paper reviews some of the previous discussion and then presents one way of classifying the inferences made by researchers in linking concepts and their indicators. At the conclusion, the distribution of these inferences among students of one field, the study of human behavior under stressful conditions, is examined.

Descriptors :   *SOCIOLOGY, *PSYCHOLOGY, *BEHAVIOR, LANGUAGE, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), THEORY, VOCABULARY, PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, SOCIOMETRICS, PERSONALITY, SCIENTISTS.

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE