Accession Number : AD0611160

Title :   DAMAGE TO CONVENTIONAL AND SPECIAL TYPES OF RESIDENCES EXPOSED TO NUCLEAR EFFECTS.

Descriptive Note : Rept. for Feb-May 55,

Corporate Author : FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Randall,Philip A.

Report Date : 12 APR 1961

Pagination or Media Count : 81

Abstract : At the Nevada Test Site of the Atomic Energy Commission, 10 residential structures were exposed to the explosion of a nuclear device (Apple II) of approximately 30-kt yield, detonated atop a 500-ft tower, to test their behavior and resistance to nuclear weapons effects and to obtain data that will contribute to the development of improved protective designs. From a determination of the behavior of these structures under blast, thermal, and nuclear radiation effects, it should be possible to determine the best steps to be taken for the protection of families living in such structures and to obtain necessary additional data on the strengths of the structures as a whole and possible weaknesses in component parts. The project was concerned primarily with blast and radiation effects on residential structures, and precautions were taken to avoid ignition of the structures by the thermal energy of the explosion. Data obtained are expected to be useful also in the development of methods for strengthening the structures within limits of practical economy, and in providing information on the possible use of the structures for housing without major repairs following a nuclear event.

Descriptors :   (*HOUSING(DWELLINGS), NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE), (*NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, HOUSING(DWELLINGS)), (*CIVIL DEFENSE, HOUSING(DWELLINGS)), BUILDINGS, WOOD, BRICK, REINFORCED CONCRETE, STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES, VULNERABILITY, NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, CIVIL ENGINEERING, PHOTOGRAPHS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE