Accession Number : AD0611323
Title : DOSIMETRIC EVALUATION OF THE ALPHA FLUX IN SOLAR PARTICLE BEAMS.
Descriptive Note : Rept. no. 30,
Corporate Author : NAVAL SCHOOL OF AVIATION MEDICINE PENSACOLA FLA
Personal Author(s) : Schaefer,Hermann J.
Report Date : 30 NOV 1964
Pagination or Media Count : 27
Abstract : Depth distributions of absorbed doses and dose equivalents in tissue are computed for the alpha and proton components of a typical rigidity spectrum of a large flare assuming a flux ratio of one to one. Even for the lowest investigated shield thickness of 1.75 g/sq cm the total alpha dose is smaller than the proton dose and becomes even smaller with depth. The fractional high linear energy transfer alpha dose, however, is substantially larger than the corresponding proton dose and intersects the latter at 12 g/sq cm depth in tissue. In spite of this, the combined mean local relative biological effectiveness of the total dose is predominantly determined by the protons. The findings indicate that the alpha component of flare beams creates a significant additional exposure only for cases of very low shielding, such as an astronaut outside the vehicle protected merely by the space suit. (Author)
Descriptors : (*SPACE FLIGHT, RADIATION HAZARDS), (*ALPHA PARTICLES, DOSAGE), (*SOLAR FLARES, ALPHA PARTICLES), PROTON BEAMS, DOSE RATE, DOSIMETERS, SHIELDING, SPACECRAFT, SPACE BIOLOGY
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE