Accession Number : AD0611328

Title :   EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS ON BULK FOOD STAPLES,

Corporate Author : FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Rowe,Sumner C.

Report Date : MAR 1956

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : Twenty-eight different selected packaged foods representing those of greatest volume in the American diet were exposed to nuclear detonations at the Nevada Test Site during the spring of 1955. The foods were divided into three groups: retail size packages, replicas of bulk packages, and bulk sizes (50 to 100 lb.) The different packages were so placed that some were exposed to strong neutron and gamma flux, others to gamma radiation and blast effects, and still others to only blast effects. The foods were recovered as soon after exposure as feasible and were studied periodically for induced radioactivity, physical and chemical changes, organoleptic variations, nutritional adequacy, and toxicity. These studies showed that most foods were suitable for emergency feeding at presently suggested AEC tolerances within 15 days after exposure. The initial predominant radioactivity, in most cases, was demonstrated as resulting from sodium or potassium or both; the intermediate studies suggested phosphorus as the substance contributing the major portion of the radioactivity; and, in the final phase of the study, possibly the radiation effects on chlorine and trace elements predominated.

Descriptors :   (*FOOD, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE), (*NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, FOOD), (*RADIATION EFFECTS, FOOD), CONTAINERS, PACKAGING, BLAST, RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE