Accession Number : AD0613317

Title :   GRAVITATIONAL-ELECTROMAGNETIC COUPLING AND THE CLASSICAL SELF-ENERGY PROBLEM,

Corporate Author : BRANDEIS UNIV WALTHAM MASS

Personal Author(s) : Arnowitt,R. ; Deser,S. ; Misner,C. W.

Report Date : 01 SEP 1960

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : The gravitational effect on the classical Coulomb selfenergy of a point charge is calculated rigorously. It is shown that the total mass then becomes finite (although still quite large), and that it depends only on the charge and not on the bare mechanical mass. Thus, a particle acquires mass only when it has non-gravitational interactions with fields of non-zero range. In order to treat this problem, it is necessary to extend the canonical formalism, previously obtained for the free gravitational field, to include coupling with the Maxwell field and the point charge system. It is shown that the canonical variables of the gravitational field are unaltered while those of the matter system are natural generalizations of their flat space forms. The determination of the total energy of a state can still be made from knowledge of the spatial metric at a given time. The self-mass of a particle is then the total energy of a pure one-particle state, i.e., a state containing no excitations of the canonical variables of the Maxwell or Einstein fields. Solutions corresponding to pure particle states of two like charges are also obtained, and their energy is shown consistent with the one-particle results. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*GRAVITY, ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS), (*FIELD THEORY, GRAVITY), RELATIVITY THEORY, ENERGY, ELECTROMAGNETISM, PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE