Accession Number : AD0614006

Title :   COGNITRON THEORY,

Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV URBANA ENGINEERING EXPERIMENT STATION

Personal Author(s) : Swallow,Ronald J.

Report Date : JUN 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 251

Abstract : The Cognitron is a net of aritificial neurons, sensory neurons, and muscles whose properties were chosen with the intent that they conform to a diversified amount of physiological and psychological data. This paper rigorously analyzes the behavior of small nets of its artificial elements in order to indicate some of the similarity between their behavior and human mental behavior. Results indicate that the conditioned reflexlike activity of these small nets is reinformced to a degree dependent on a property of the nets closely resembling one's intuitive idea of the 'newess' of the nets' input and internal pulse states. It is suggested that the newness is the rewarding property governing reinforcement in the animal mind and that this reinforcement property generalizes the rewarding and punishing effects of food and pain stimuli, respectively so as to include the rewarding effects of 'new' environments. It is also suggested that chain conditioned reflex activity in the animal does not exceed a few steps because the response becomes 'old', loses its rewarding effects, and thus prevents any further conditioned reflex activity which involves that particular response. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, THEORY), NERVE CELLS, SIMULATION, SENSE ORGANS, SENSES(PHYSIOLOGY), CONDITIONED RESPONSE, MATRICES(MATHEMATICS), MAPPING (TRANSFORMATIONS), MATHEMATICAL MODELS, FEEDBACK, BIONICS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE