Accession Number : AD0614411

Title :   THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF METEORS IN THE 19TH CENTURY,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Romig,Mary F.

Report Date : APR 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : Evidence is given that most of the hypotheses stated in 1794 by Chladni (E.F.F. Chladni, 'The Origin of Iron Masses, that one found by Pallos and others analogous to it, and therewith on Some Related Natural Phenomena, published in Riga, 63 pages) were proved true by the time Schiaparelli published his monograph in 1871 ('Outline of an Astronomical Theory of Shooting Stars', translated from Italian by G. von Boguslawski, published in Stettin, 268 pages). The unitary nature of meteors, fireballs, and meteorites had not been scientifically proven, however. When the Mazapil meteorite fell during a meteor shower on Nov. 27, 1885, the objection to the belief of the same origin for the meteor, fireball, and meteorite was removed so that further research in the 19th century could proceed on the basis that all three phenomena were closely related (J. Norman Lockyer. 'The Meteorite Hypothesis.' London, MacMillan, 1890, 560 pages).

Descriptors :   (*METEORS, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH), (*METEORITES, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH), HISTORY, ASTRONOMY, THEORY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE