Accession Number : AD0615321

Title :   MAINLAND CHINA'S CHEMICAL INDUSTRY.

Descriptive Note : Memo.,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Young,G. B. W.

Report Date : MAY 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : In the period from 1949 to 1964 Mainland China's chemical industry rose from eighth to fourth in modern industry ranking in terms of gross-output value. The 1949 - 1952 growth was more of a reconstruction of the industry than a growth per se. The 1953 - 1957 growth was primarily an increased production of the basic chemicals (sulfuric acid, ammonium sulfate, soda ash, caustic soda, chlorine, and the inorganic salts). The 1958 - 1964 growth included the expansion of mass-production capability into many new chemical industries, such as the rubber, fertilizer, pharmaceuticals, plastics, and synthetic-fiber industries. Related foreign-trade negotiations have recently emphasized the import of complete chemical plants from Western Europe and Japan. Mainland China also appears to have acquired some capability to design, manufacture, and construct complete sets of chemical plants. This capability is currently being augmented through increased trade with Western Europe and Japan. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*CHINA, CHEMICAL INDUSTRY), (*CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, CHINA), COMMERCE, CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, HISTORY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE