Accession Number : AD0617030

Title :   LANGUAGE BARRIERS AND LANGUAGE TRAINING,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS

Personal Author(s) : Black,John W.

Report Date : 1963

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Conclusion: The language barrier is not all-important; adventurous people and entrepeneurs have taken it in stride. Nevertheless, it is real and it penalizes individuals who attempt to listen to words of another language community. It also penalizes people who attempt to say words in a language other than their own. These acoustic effects are somewhat ameliorated by training. The vocabulary and grammar of another language can also be overcome by formal training in the classroom, or through individual study. A body of statistical information about the errors that people make in listening to words and in anticipating phrases of prose suggests that the loci of failures, the places where help is needed, are almost the same among native speakers of a language and individuals who have come to the language through training. This implies a need for transmitting concomitantly both a message and a series of 'avoidance' ones, messages that 'fit' but that do not serve the intended purpose. This is recognized as being feasible for machines; the human counterpart is not far fetched. The conclusion is tempting that the language barrier is logically little or no more than a mathematics barrier, or any other problem of formal education. This conclusion, as does this paper, ignores an array of serious matters that arise from an identification of the speaker with his language. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LANGUAGE, SOCIAL COMMUNICATION), (*SPEECH, INTELLIGIBILITY), SPEECH RECOGNITION, SPEECH REPRESENTATION, VOCABULARY, TRAINING, STUDENTS, VOICE COMMUNICATIONS, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE