Accession Number : AD0617956

Title :   PRIMER FOR PRODUCTIVITY.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. for 1 Oct 62-30 Sep 64,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS

Personal Author(s) : Pepinsky,Harold B. ; Weick,Karl E. ; Riner,John W.

Report Date : MAR 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 69

Abstract : A systematic and empirical case is made for the observing and interpreting, by a spectator, of the productivity of persons who hold membership in utilitarian organizations within American society. First, a metatheory of work in organizational environments, introducing key concepts for the spectator and diferentiating between spectator and participant definitions of the work situation, is offered. This is followed by a definition of productivity, which again meaningfully differentiates between the causally textured definitions of spectators and participants and between such participant definitions as those of superordinate and subordinate persons. Testable propositions concerning work and its accomplishment are advanced. Second, a formal spectator's definition of organization, utilizing key concepts and definitions from the foregoing discussion, is presented. Third, an empirical case, which illustrates how key ideas can be applied to the study of organizations, is given. And finally, the authors pose a number of issues about organizational behavior, suggested by a comparison of their ideas with those of other investigators. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*GROUP DYNAMICS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), (*PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PRODUCTION), SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), SOCIAL COMMUNICATION, CULTURE, UNITED STATES, SOCIAL SCIENCES, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), MOTIVATION, LEADERSHIP, BEHAVIOR

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE