Accession Number : AD0620715

Title :   SHORT-TERM TEMPORAL CHANGES IN FREE RECALL,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY

Personal Author(s) : Postman,Leo ; Phillips,Laura W.

Report Date : 30 MAY 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 8

Abstract : An experimental study of short-term memory for lists of familiar English words is reported. Lists of 10, 20, and 30 unrelated words were presented at 1-sec. rate. Retention was measured by free recall after intervals of 0, 15 and 30 sec. A counting task was used to prevent rehearsal during the retention interval. The absolute level of recall increased with length of list whereas the percentages retained showed the reverse trend. The recall scores decreased steadily as a function of retention interval, with the rates of forgetting comparable for the three lengths of list. The decline in the amount recalled was due in large measure to the loss of the terminal items in the list. Consequently, the pronounced recency effect present on the immediate test of recall was progressively reduced as a function of time. By contrast retention of the initial part of the list was relatively stable. These variations in rate of forgetting are attributed to differences among serial positions in susceptibility to proactive inhibition. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WORD ASSOCIATION, RECALL), (*RECALL, WORD ASSOCIATION), RETENTION(PSYCHOLOGY), VERBAL BEHAVIOR, PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE