Accession Number : AD0623626

Title :   THE ANCHOR FOR THE SERIAL POSITION CURVE,

Corporate Author : NEW YORK UNIV N Y

Personal Author(s) : Glanzer,Murray ; Dolinsky,Richard

Report Date : 22 MAY 1964

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : Two experiments were carried out to determine the cue used by Ss to anchor the serial position curve in rote learning. Experiment I was designed to evaluate the role of starting position and facilitated (pretrained) syllable in lists that contained no other cues as to beginning or end (closed cycle lists). The results show that the Ss anchor the curve on the starting position. These findings contradict both facilitation and inhibition explanations of the serial position curve. On the basis of facilitation constructs it would be predicted that serial position curve should anchor on a facilitated syllable. On the basis of inhibition constructs it would be predicted that there should be no serial position effect in a closed cycle list. As an alternative to these it is suggested that the S makes a choice of anchor position and that any cue, position or list characteristic may serve as anchor for the curve. From this it follows that E should be able to instruct the S as to the anchor point. In Exp. II the E varied the indication of the beginning of the list by means of verbal instructions. The results show that the anchor point can be manipulated in this manner. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LEARNING, VERBAL BEHAVIOR), (*VERBAL BEHAVIOR, LEARNING), REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), INHIBITION, ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE