Accession Number : AD0623769

Title :   WORD CONCEPTS: A THEORY AND SIMULATION OF SOME BASIC SEMANTIC CAPABILITIES,

Descriptive Note : Professional paper,

Corporate Author : SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Quillian,Ross

Report Date : 15 SEP 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 41

Abstract : In order to discover design principles for a large memory that can enable it to serve as the base of knowledge underlying human-like language behavior, experiments with a model memory are being performed. This model is built up within a computer by 'recoding' a body of information from an ordinary dictionary into a complex network of elements and associations. Then the ability of a program to use the resulting model memory effectively for simulating human performance provides a test of its design. One simulation program, now running, is given the model memory and is required to compare and contrast the meanings of arbitrary pairs of English words. For each pair, the program locates any relevant semantic information within the model memory, draws inferences on the basis of this, and thereby discovers various relationships between the meanings of the two words. Finally, it creates English text to express its conclusions. The design principles embodied in the memory model together with some of the methods used by the program constitute a theory of how human memory for semantic and other conceptual material may be formatted, organized, and used. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ENGLISH LANGUAGE, COMPUTER PROGRAMMING), (*SEMANTICS, COMPUTER PROGRAMMING), (*WORD ASSOCIATION, COMPUTER PROGRAMMING), DICTIONARIES, VOCABULARY, MEMORY DEVICES, SIMULATION, THEORY, MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY)

Subject Categories : Linguistics
      Computer Programming and Software
      Computer Hardware

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE