Accession Number : AD0625802

Title :   SUPPLEMENTAL ANALYSIS. CIVIL DEFENSE RESCUE.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Crain,John L. ; Meister,Robert K. ; Thomas,Lacy G. ; Spurlock,Eugene M.

Report Date : AUG 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 74

Abstract : Personnel casualty and trapping functions: Six personnel casualty functions are enumerated to describe the percentage breakdown of the population following a nuclear attack. These functions specify, by distance from ground zero, the percentage of those (1) killed immediately, (2) trapped, (3) nonambulatory seriously injured, (4) ambulatory seriously injured, (5) lightly injured, and (6) uninjured. Relationship between fire and rescue: The outer radius of initial ignitions from thermal energy is highly sensitive to visibility. Outer ignition radii also vary greatly between surface and air bursts. In the former case, the angle from the fireball to the outside radius of ignitions is 2 to 3 degrees. Tops of houses are the only residential material assumed visible and subject to ignition by thermal energy. With air bursts, interior kindling fuels are assumed to be exposed to direct thermal energy through windows, and thus to be the principal causes of structural ignition. Postattack rescue system criteria: For preliminary planning purposes, a national rescue force of approximately one million men is suggested. If this force were to be responsible for initial medical treatment, mass-casualty sorting, and removal of nonambulatory injured, it would have to be several times larger. Location of trapped survivors by acoustical methods: Little research has been performed in applying sensors that will detect faint vibrations transmitted by solid materials in contact with buried survivors.

Descriptors :   (*CIVIL DEFENSE, RESCUES), (*RESCUES, CIVIL DEFENSE), (*NUCLEAR WARFARE, CIVIL DEFENSE), DEBRIS, CASUALTIES, FIRES, DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, VULNERABILITY, CIVIL DEFENSE, MONITORS, ACOUSTICS, ACOUSTIC DETECTORS

Subject Categories : Civil Defense

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE