Accession Number : AD0628897

Title :   AMELIORATIVE MEASURES IN FASTING, SUBARCTIC SURVIVAL SITUATIONS.

Descriptive Note : Progress rept. 1 Jan-1 Jun 64,

Corporate Author : HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU PACIFIC BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Rogers,Terence A. ; Setliff,James A. ; Buck,Alan C.

Report Date : NOV 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : The experiment was undertaken to explore practicable measures that might minimize dehydration and other metabolic derangements in a fasting, arctic survival situation. Twenty-eight men, divided into four groups, were fed a standard diet of USAF IF No. 10 rations in barracks for two days, then subjected to a three-day simulated survival situation, followed by two days of standard diet in barracks. Group A received no supplements, Group B received an electrolyte supplement administered as 150 mEq NaCl the first day and 150 mEq NaHCO3 the next two days, Group C 500 kcal as sucrose, and Group D 500 kcal as sucrose plus electrolyte as in B. Results suggest that a survival ration could, with benefit, comprise 500 kcal/day of carbohydrate supplemented with a sodium salt, as this combination ameliorates dehydration, hypoglycemia and ketonuria ordinarily associated with a survival situation. Provision of sodium as bicarbonate did not appear to be of any advantage. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MILITARY RATIONS, ARCTIC REGIONS), (*SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL), ARCTIC REGIONS), (*DIET, SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL)), STARVATION, DEHYDRATION, ELECTROLYTES(PHYSIOLOGY), SUCROSE, METABOLISM

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Food, Food Service and Nutrition
      Escape, Rescue and Survival

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE