Accession Number : AD0632279

Title :   ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS. VOLUME ONE

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 30 Sep 1964-1 Dec 1965

Corporate Author : HUDSON INST CROTON-ON-HUDSON NY

Personal Author(s) : Ayres, Robert U.

PDF Url : AD0632279

Report Date : 01 DEC 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 285

Abstract : Volume 1 summarizes current knowledge of the effects of nuclear weapons on area targets. Radiological effects are divided roughly into three categories: external gamma-radiation from fallout fields; external beta-burns and internal hazards due to cycling of Sr-90, Cs-137 and I-131. Vulnerabilities of different classes of targets or 'biomes' are considered, e.g. vertebrates, insects, conifer forests, deciduous forests, grasslands and crop lands. Thermal ignition and probabilities of fire spread under various conditions are discussed in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 is concerned with potential meteorological and climatic problems. Chapter 4 discusses a variety of 'second-order' problems such as epidemics, pest outbreaks, floods, erosion and ecological changes.

Descriptors :   *NUCLEAR WARFARE, *NUCLEAR WEAPONS, *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, *ECOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTS, CESIUM, EROSION, RADIATION EFFECTS, MICROMETEOROLOGY, DISEASE VECTORS, IODINE, IGNITION, FLOODS, STRONTIUM, THERMAL RADIATION, FALLOUT

Subject Categories : Nuclear Warfare
      Radioactiv, Radioactive Wastes & Fission Prod
      Nuclear Weapons

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE