Accession Number : AD0635261

Title :   FREEDOM AND CONTROL: THE DILEMMA OF CREATIVITY IN THE ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis.

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE

Personal Author(s) : Keeler, Harper Brown

Report Date : JUN 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 271

Abstract : The purpose of this study is the analysis of creativity in the context of organizations found in an advanced modern social system. The report deals with a critique of the literature related to the problems of creativity in organizations. With these criticisms in mind, the second part compares different organizations ranked by levels of creativity. Different factors of the environments (especially those relating to organizational control and feelings of individual freedom) which influence creativity levels are analysed. Eight environments were chosen for study to include industrial labs, government labs, and academic labs. The first case study analyses the severe constraints on creativity which can occur in an organization operated under Public Health regulation. Four labs that exhibit different levels of creativity are compared. Propositions are generated to explain these differences. These propositions are tested in three academic labs which are assumed to have more creative environments. The conclusions include recommendations for altering the theoretical framework offered by the literature, and recommendations for organizations wishing to foster creativity in their participants.

Descriptors :   (*CREATIVITY, PERSONNEL), (*MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL, CREATIVITY), DECISION MAKING, LEADERSHIP, PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, SOCIAL COMMUNICATION, SCIENTISTS, GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, SUPERVISORS, PUBLIC HEALTH, LABORATORIES, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), MOTIVATION, BEHAVIOR

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE