Accession Number : AD0637604

Title :   AN EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH TO PANIC BEHAVIOR.

Descriptive Note : Final rept., 15 Feb 65-15 Aug 66.

Corporate Author : MARY WASHINGTON COLL FREDERICKSBURG VA

Personal Author(s) : SCHULTZ,Duane P.

Report Date : 15 AUG 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 69

Abstract : A series of studies are reported in which the subject's efforts to escape a danger situation (a threatened electric shock) were thwarted due to the actions of fellow group members who were jamming the escape route in their own efforts to escape. The subject was faced with a situation in which she could either: (a) wait until the escape route became unjammed and then try to escape in cooperation with the rest of her group, or (b) escape the danger situation immediately by sacrificing her fellow group members, i.e., assuring their exposure to the threatened shock. If a subject did save herself at the expense of the other group members she was considered to be engaging in the nonadaptive behavior (from the standpoint of total group survival) that seems to be characteristic of panic behavior. A number of situational, personality, and background variables were investigated to determine their possible influence in terms of either facilitating or inhibiting the panic response. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*BEHAVIOR, *SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL)), PERSONALITY, FEAR, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), GROUP DYNAMICS, ABANDONMENT, FIRE SAFETY

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Escape, Rescue and Survival

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE