Accession Number : AD0637718

Title :   PERSISTENCE OF SMALL-SCALE FEATURES IN THE MESOSPHERIC WIND FIELD.

Descriptive Note : Environmental research papers.

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS L G HANSCOM FIELD MASS

Personal Author(s) : Lettau,Bernhard

Report Date : MAY 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : A special series of nine paired ROBIN falling sphere soundings was obtained over a six-hour period on 6 March 1965, as part of an investigation into the small-scale features of the wind field in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere. These soundings allow a simultaneous analysis of the temporal and spatial extent of the observed wave-like variations of the zonal wind. In the mesosphere (the altitude interval between 45 and 60 km) such variations are persistent. Individual features are followed throughout the six-hour observation program, and laterally extended. Soundings separated by 50 km show quite good correspondence among gross features. The interpretation of the wind oscillations as evidence of internal waves is considered, and horizontal and vertical wave parameters are determined. Vertical wavelengths are computed to be of the order of 3 km, while horizontal wave lengths are determined to be about 400 km, leading to a horizontal/vertical scale ratio of 120:1. There are also suggestions of horizontal and vertical wave amplitudes of about 5 m/sec and 4 cm/sec, and periods of oscillation of about 13 hours. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WIND, MEASUREMENT), (*ATMOSPHERIC SOUNDING, WIND), SPHERES, FALLING BODIES, ATMOSPHERIC TIDES

Subject Categories : Atmospheric Physics
      Meteorology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE