Accession Number : AD0638008

Title :   WINNING AND LOSING TEAMS IN THREE GAMES UNDER CONDITIONS OF INTRA-LEAGUE COMPETITION.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.

Corporate Author : STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK BUFFALO

Personal Author(s) : Vinacke,W. Edgar ; chernlnik,Paul D. ; Morganti,John ; Ryckman,Richard ; Sibley,Ralph

Report Date : 26 JUL 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 61

Abstract : Strategy-attitudes, skill, and decision-making were investigated in relation to winning and losing. Sets of teams, formed into leagues, played round-robins in three competitive games, multiplication, paddlepong, and rhythmic clapping. Most teams consisted of four players, one of whom served as a substitute. Strategy was measured by a multiple-choice test, other variables by aspects of performance during play. Criteria of winning included the percent of rounds won and the percent of games won. Substantial monetary prizes were awarded for winning. A large number of variables differentiated sharply among teams within a particular league, and some significantly correlated with success when teams are pooled. However, attempts to arrive at systematic classification of variables by developing general measures of 'skill' and 'decision making' reveal patterns distinctive for particular leagues. This suggests that the determinants of winning depend in large measure upon the conditions that exist within the league. The two sexes displayed general differences, interpreted as evidence that skill assumes a major role in the male leagues, and some combination of strategy and decision-making (especially as reflected in use of the substitute) is more important in female leagues. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*GAME THEORY, *GROUP DYNAMICS), ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), DECISION MAKING, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE