Accession Number : AD0638306

Title :   COMPARISON OF RANDOM PAIRS AND REAL PAIRS ON A SIMPLE AUDITORY COUNTING TASK.

Descriptive Note : Research memo.

Corporate Author : HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH OFFICE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Smith,Seward ; murphy,Donald B. ; Hampton,George L. ; Bernardo,Ray ; Burdick,Harry

Report Date : MAR 1963

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : A comparison was made of pairs of observers who worked together, on simple auditory counting problems, with pairs of individuals who worked independently of each other on the same problems. The Real Pairs consisted of Ss working together and arriving at a group answer for each problem. In the Random Pairs condition the Ss worked independently and arrived at individual answers for each problem; subsequently the Ss were randomly assigned to pairs and each pair given a group answer based on an arithmetic average of their individual answers. The task chosen was an uncomplicated judgmental one which could be accomplished by one person working alone, but which was sufficiently difficult that a S only rarely was correct. The task was to count the number of auditory events (tones) which had occurred. However, because the events occurred at a sufficiently rapid rate to prohibit exact counting, there was the possibility that with the Real Pairs group judgments could influence succeeding judgments and/or S's confidence in the accuracy of the group's judgment as compared to the performance of the Random Pairs.

Descriptors :   (*PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), CORRELATION TECHNIQUES), (*GROUP DYNAMICS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, HEARING, EFFECTIVENESS, AUDITORY PERCEPTION

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE